Hello Friends, In this tutorial, I am going to show you how to apply shadow using box-shadow property on any HTML element. We can apply shadow to a frame without using any image.

CSS box-shadow Property:

Box-shadow property is used to drop shadow to HTML element. The syntax for defining box-shadow to an HTML element is:

box-shadow: [horizontal offset] [vertical offset] [blur radius] [optional spread radius] [color];

Where

horizontal offset(required):

This property is used to specify the horizontal offset of the box which accepts the integer value. Positive integer puts the shadow to right side of the box and a negative integer puts the shadow to left side of the box.

Vertical offset (required):

This property is used to specify the vertical offset of the box which accepts the integer value. Positive integer puts the shadow below the box and a negative integer puts the shadow above the box.

blur radius:

This higher the number more blurred it will be. If not specified, it will be 0 and the shadow will be sharp.

spread radius:

The positive integer increases the size of the shadow and negative integer decreases the size of the shadow.

Color:

This property is used to specify any colour value, like hex, named, rgba or hsla.

Example:

<html>
<head>
<title>
box-shadow example
</title>
<style type="text/css">
body {background:burlywood}

.box h3{
text-align:center;
position:relative;
top:80px;
}
.box {
width:70%;
height:200px;
background:#FFF;
margin:40px auto;
}

.shadow1{
-webkit-box-shadow: 0 10px 6px -6px #777;
-moz-box-shadow: 0 10px 6px -6px #777;
box-shadow: 0 10px 6px -6px #777;
}


.shadow2
{
position: relative;
}
.shadow2:before, .effect2:after
{
z-index: -1;
position: absolute;
content: "";
bottom: 15px;
left: 10px;
width: 50%;
top: 80%;
max-width:300px;
background: #777;
-webkit-box-shadow: 0 15px 10px #777;
-moz-box-shadow: 0 15px 10px #777;
box-shadow: 0 15px 10px #777;
-webkit-transform: rotate(-3deg);
-moz-transform: rotate(-3deg);
-o-transform: rotate(-3deg);
-ms-transform: rotate(-3deg);
transform: rotate(-3deg);
}
.shadow2:after
{
-webkit-transform: rotate(3deg);
-moz-transform: rotate(3deg);
-o-transform: rotate(3deg);
-ms-transform: rotate(3deg);
transform: rotate(3deg);
right: 10px;
left: auto;
}


.shadow3
{
position: relative;
}
.shadow3:before
{
z-index: -1;
position: absolute;
content: "";
bottom: 15px;
left: 10px;
width: 50%;
top: 80%;
max-width:300px;
background: #777;
-webkit-box-shadow: 0 15px 10px #777;
-moz-box-shadow: 0 15px 10px #777;
box-shadow: 0 15px 10px #777;
-webkit-transform: rotate(-3deg);
-moz-transform: rotate(-3deg);
-o-transform: rotate(-3deg);
-ms-transform: rotate(-3deg);
transform: rotate(-3deg);
}


.shadow4
{
position: relative;
}
.effect4:after
{
z-index: -1;
position: absolute;
content: "";
bottom: 15px;
right: 10px;
left: auto;
width: 50%;
top: 80%;
max-width:300px;
background: #777;
-webkit-box-shadow: 0 15px 10px #777;
-moz-box-shadow: 0 15px 10px #777;
box-shadow: 0 15px 10px #777;
-webkit-transform: rotate(3deg);
-moz-transform: rotate(3deg);
-o-transform: rotate(3deg);
-ms-transform: rotate(3deg);
transform: rotate(3deg);
}


.shadow5
{
position: relative;
}
.shadow5:before, .shadow5:after
{
z-index: -1;
position: absolute;
content: "";
bottom: 25px;
left: 10px;
width: 50%;
top: 80%;
max-width:300px;
background: #777;
-webkit-box-shadow: 0 35px 20px #777;
-moz-box-shadow: 0 35px 20px #777;
box-shadow: 0 35px 20px #777;
-webkit-transform: rotate(-8deg);
-moz-transform: rotate(-8deg);
-o-transform: rotate(-8deg);
-ms-transform: rotate(-8deg);
transform: rotate(-8deg);
}
.shadow5:after
{
-webkit-transform: rotate(8deg);
-moz-transform: rotate(8deg);
-o-transform: rotate(8deg);
-ms-transform: rotate(8deg);
transform: rotate(8deg);
right: 10px;
left: auto;
}

.shadow6
{
position:relative;
-webkit-box-shadow:0 1px 4px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.3), 0 0 40px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.1) inset;
-moz-box-shadow:0 1px 4px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.3), 0 0 40px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.1) inset;
box-shadow:0 1px 4px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.3), 0 0 40px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.1) inset;
}
.shadow6:before, .shadow6:after
{
content:"";
position:absolute;
z-index:-1;
-webkit-box-shadow:0 0 20px rgba(0,0,0,0.8);
-moz-box-shadow:0 0 20px rgba(0,0,0,0.8);
box-shadow:0 0 20px rgba(0,0,0,0.8);
top:50%;
bottom:0;
left:10px;
right:10px;
-moz-border-radius:100px / 10px;
border-radius:100px / 10px;
}
.shadow6:after
{
right:10px;
left:auto;
-webkit-transform:skew(8deg) rotate(3deg);
-moz-transform:skew(8deg) rotate(3deg);
-ms-transform:skew(8deg) rotate(3deg);
-o-transform:skew(8deg) rotate(3deg);
transform:skew(8deg) rotate(3deg);
}


.shadow7
{
position:relative;
-webkit-box-shadow:0 1px 4px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.3), 0 0 40px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.1) inset;
-moz-box-shadow:0 1px 4px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.3), 0 0 40px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.1) inset;
box-shadow:0 1px 4px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.3), 0 0 40px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.1) inset;
}
.shadow7:before, .shadow7:after
{
content:"";
position:absolute;
z-index:-1;
-webkit-box-shadow:0 0 20px rgba(0,0,0,0.8);
-moz-box-shadow:0 0 20px rgba(0,0,0,0.8);
box-shadow:0 0 20px rgba(0,0,0,0.8);
top:0;
bottom:0;
left:10px;
right:10px;
-moz-border-radius:100px / 10px;
border-radius:100px / 10px;
}
.shadow7:after
{
right:10px;
left:auto;
-webkit-transform:skew(8deg) rotate(3deg);
-moz-transform:skew(8deg) rotate(3deg);
-ms-transform:skew(8deg) rotate(3deg);
-o-transform:skew(8deg) rotate(3deg);
transform:skew(8deg) rotate(3deg);
}


.shadow8
{
position:relative;
-webkit-box-shadow:0 1px 4px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.3), 0 0 40px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.1) inset;
-moz-box-shadow:0 1px 4px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.3), 0 0 40px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.1) inset;
box-shadow:0 1px 4px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.3), 0 0 40px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.1) inset;
}
.shadow8:before, .shadow8:after
{
content:"";
position:absolute;
z-index:-1;
-webkit-box-shadow:0 0 20px rgba(0,0,0,0.8);
-moz-box-shadow:0 0 20px rgba(0,0,0,0.8);
box-shadow:0 0 20px rgba(0,0,0,0.8);
top:10px;
bottom:10px;
left:0;
right:0;
-moz-border-radius:100px / 10px;
border-radius:100px / 10px;
}
.effect8:after
{
right:10px;
left:auto;
-webkit-transform:skew(8deg) rotate(3deg);
-moz-transform:skew(8deg) rotate(3deg);
-ms-transform:skew(8deg) rotate(3deg);
-o-transform:skew(8deg) rotate(3deg);
transform:skew(8deg) rotate(3deg);
}

</style>
</head>
<body>
<div class="box shadow1">
<h3>Box Shadow 1</h3>
</div>

<div class="box shadow2">
<h3>Box Shadow 2</h3>
</div>

<div class="box shadow3">
<h3>Box Shadow 3</h3>
</div>

<div class="box shadow4">
<h3>Box Shadow 4</h3>
</div>

<div class="box shadow5">
<h3>Box Shadow 5</h3>
</div>

<div class="box shadow6">
<h3>Box Shadow 6</h3>
</div>

<div class="box shadow7">
<h3>Box Shadow 7</h3>
</div>

<div class="box shadow8">
<h3>Box Shadow 8</h3>
</div>

</body>
</html>

Output:

box-shadow

You can find the demo here.

View More:

Conclusion:

I hope you understand my this tutorial about box-shadow property. I would appreciate your feedback, suggestions and comments.

Thank You.

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