Hi, folks in this tutorial I am going to show you what is V LOOKUP in Microsoft Excel with an example.

V LOOKUP in Microsoft Excel:

THE V LOOKUP function is a very important part of excel and if you know this function in excel it will help you a lot in terms of completing your tasks in excel, with the help of the V LOOKUP you can reduce your manual work.

The VLOOKUP function is very famous when it comes to processing power and flexibility.

If your tables have a few rows, then you can use any method, and get your answers will be quick enough, and you won’t notice the difference. But if the number of rows is more than thousands, then you need the V lookup for your calculations- the difference in performance can be more than 10 times faster than your regular method,

Let’s start the VLOOK UP function:-

We will first understand the definitions of the V Look Up through which we can come to know what exactly it is for,

 

It looks at the value from the leftmost column of the table and then it returns a value in the same row from a column which you specify, by default V lookup will sort the data in ascending order,

Below we can find the formula structure of the  V Look Up formula,

Now we shall see the brief introduction about the V look Up formula,

  • Lookup_value: The value to search for in the lookup table.
  • Table_array: it defines the data set where we should search our lookup value and from where we can retrieve our data.
  • Col_index_num: the data is to be retrieved from the which column of the lookup table.
  • Range_lookup: looking up for an exact match or approximate match.

 

VLOOKUP full form is  “vertical lookup.” In Excel, this means the function will be looking up data vertically across a spreadsheet, using the spreadsheet’s columns — and a unique identifier within those columns — as the basis of your search. Whenever you are looking for your specific data, data should be listed vertically in the spreadsheets.

 

Here we can understand the function with one of the examples.

In an organization, HR wants to know about the salary of the few employees and he/she has the dump file for the same.

 

 

Like this, he/she need some information about the salary of the few employees, if the number of searches is less, then you can do it manually but if you need information about multiple records, then the V LOOKUP function will help in this case and you can find your results 10 times faster than the normal methods

 

 

Now we shall see the brief introduction about the V look Up formula,

  • Lookup_value: The value (I3) to search for in the lookup table.
  • Table_array: it defines the data set($D$2:$F$15) where we should search our lookup value
  • Col_index_num: the data is to be retrieved from the which column of the lookup table.i.e 3 here
  • Range_lookup: we have used the 0 for an exact match.

Note;- the $ sign is used for the freezing of the table array in the formula.

The below screenshot can give the result for your answers-

NameSalary
Varshita18047
Stephy14714
Nagma16479
Rosy20319

With the V lookup, you can increase your power in excel And if you change the structure of the table, you’ll have to update the formula to match.

In general, we use exact matches for our results. Approximate matches are useful in a small number of edge cases.

Below we can see the limitations of the V lookup.

Limitations of the V Look Up

  • One major limitation of VLOOKUPis that it cannot retrieve the data from the left.
  • VLOOKUP Only Finds the First Match- If the lookup value column contains duplicate values then VLOOKUP will only extract the first value.
  • VLOOKUP is not Case Sensitive- VLOOKUP will not differentiate between the lower and uppercase values. It treats them as the same.

I hope you enjoyed my post on the VLOOKUP. If you have any doubts or feedback then please leave a comment below.

Thanks